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Manufacturing

 Manufactured Exports
The following constitute export products from the key sub-sectors in the manufacturing industry
  • Maize and wheat flours
  • Sugar confectionery
  • Margarine
  • Beer made form malt
  • Tobacco manufactures
  • Fluorspar
  • Soda Ash
  • Pyrethrum Extract
  • Petroleum products
  • Animal and Vegetable oils
  • Medicinal and Pharmaceutical products
  • Essential oils
  • Insecticides and Fungicides
  • Wood Manufactures
  • Paper and paperboard
  • Cement
  • Iron and Steel, wire products (Nails, screws, nuts etc)
  • Articles of Plastic
 
The export destinations for majority of the above products are destined for the East African Community (EAC) and Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) markets mainly owing to proximity, preferential treatment, reconstruction activities and a relatively well developed manufacturing industry in Kenya compared to immediate neighbours.

Manufacturing of garments at one of EPZ firms

Background of the sector

In the 1980s the sector was very vibrant. It grew rapidly to become the second largest employer after the civil service. The growth was driven by closed market policies, which led to effective rates of protection. However in the 1990s there was market liberalization, which resulted in an influx of cheap textile products and garments from other countries. This was the genesis of the decline in this sector.

Exportable products in the textiles sector
The main product categories of textiles and garments that are produced in Kenya are:
  • Clothing and accessories
  • Household and Furnishing Textiles
  • Textile fibres, fabrics and speciality textiles
  • Hand-woven products
 
 
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