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Highlights Of Kenya’s Export Performance In 2011
The 2011 Kenya Trade Statistics from CBIK database (from KRA) and data from  Economic Survey (Kenya National Bureau of Statistics 2012) indicate that the structure of export markets and products remain largely unchanged (especially Kenya’s top five export markets and top ten products).
The 2011 Kenya’s trade performance was mainly affected by rise of oil prices globally which led to increase in the import bill and the depreciation of the Kenya shilling. Overall, the balance of trade deficit rose from Kshs. 537.41 billion in 2010 to Kshs. 803.63 billion in 2011 (an increase of 49.7%)
The analysis indicates that;
  • Exports grew in value from Kshs. 409.8 billion in 2010 to Kshs. 511.04 billion in 2011 (an increase of 24.7%) while imports grew from Kshs. 947.21 billion in 2010 to Kshs. 1,315.67 billion in 2011 (an increase of 38.9%).
  • The balance of trade deficit therefore rose from Kshs. 537.41 billion in 2010 to Kshs. 803.63 billion in 2011 (an increase of 49.7%)
  • The major exports in 2011 included tea, horticulture, apparels and coffee all contributing for 47% of the merchandise exports, while the major imports were crude petroleum and oil products, industrial machinery and transport equipment, and crude vegetable oils.

  • Top export region remains COMESA with export values increasing from Kshs. 135.8 billion in 2010 to Kshs. 181.5 billion in 2011; which accounted for 33.1% and 35.5% of total exports respectively.
  • Exports to Africa increased from Kshs. 188.8 Billion in 2010 to Kshs. 247.6 billion in 2011 which accounted for 46% and 48.5% of total exports respectively.
  • Exports to EU increased from Kshs. 97.9 Billion in 2010 to Kshs. 114.9 billion in 2011 which accounted for 23.9% and 22.5% of total exports respectively.
  • Uganda retained the top destination for Kenya’s merchandise exports with the exports increasing from Kshs. 52.11 billion in 2010 to Kshs. 75.95 billion in 2011 (an increase by 46%); followed by UK and Tanzania who respectively imported products worth Kshs. 46.7 billion in 2011 up from Kshs. 40.2 billion in 2010 (an increase of 16.2%)   and Kshs. 41.7 billion in 2011 up from Kshs. 33.3 billion in 2010 (an increase of 25.3%)  
  • Exports to each of the leading 13 countries were above Kshs 13 billion

Export Destinations- By Region
The table below show export destinations by region in 2007-2011.
Source: Economic Survey, KNBS 2012
Source: Economic Survey, KNBS 2012


Exports Share by Region
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Export share by region in 2011

Exports to COMESA accounted for 35.5% share while exports to EU accounted for 22.5% share of total exports
Africa share (COMESA and Rest of Africa) account for 48% of total exports

Top export markets 2011- By country
The table below show export destinations by country in 2010 and 2011.
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Source: Economic Survey, KNBS 2012; CBIK, Export Promotion Council database

  • Five of the top ten markets; and ten of the top twenty markets are in Africa;
  • The export products to two of top five Africa markets, Egypt and Sudan, remain mainly tea; and this is the case for Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
  • The other top three Uganda, Tanzania, and DRC import mainly oil products, manufactured products- including food, cooking oils, beverages; construction materials-cement and iron/steel products, articles of plastics, and pharmaceuticals, among others
  • Notable increases were exports to Switzerland and Italy at 400% and 105% respectively; while top export markets also registered growth in exports at above 15%.
  • Increase in exports to Switzerland were as a result of rise in exports of coffee from Kshs 0.8 billion to Kshs 4.9 billion; and leather from Kshs 0.22 billion to Kshs 1.4 billion. Increase in exports to Italy were as a result of rise in exports of crude minerals from Kshs 0.6 billion to Kshs 1.3 billion; and leather from Kshs 0.9 billion to Kshs 1.6 billion

Top export markets 2011- By share
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Top Export Products 2011
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Source: Economic Survey, KNBS 2012

The share contribution by Top 10 products remained largely unchanged at about 62% and top18 products account for 70% share of merchandise exports for the two years
There were notable increases in the value of exports of fluorspar, apparels, tobacco products, iron and steel products, animal and vegetable oils, essential oils, and soda ash
 
Top export products by share in 2011
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Source: Economic Survey, KNBS 2012; CBIK, Export Promotion Council database

 
 
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